Del Valle MP, Davenport MC, Di Lalla S, Domínguez P, Martins A. Ormando L, Ingratta A, Gambarini H, Ferrero F. Hospital General de Niños “Pedro de Elizalde”. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Background: Little information exists concerning interventions aimed to control burnout syndrome among medical residents. Objective: To estimate burnout syndrome prevalence among pediatric residents and to evaluate the impact of a brief intervention aimed to control burnout syndrome.
Methods: Randomized controlled trial including 74 pediatric residents. Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to all, and demographic information retrieved (age, gender, children, householders, and residency year). Experimental group (n 37) participated in self-care workshops during two months. After the intervention the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to all participants, again. Burnout was deﬁned as affection of at least 2 of the 3 dimensions explored by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. All potential predictors of burnout were included in a logistic regression model.
The efﬁcacy of the intervention was evaluated by chi square test. Signiﬁcance level: p 0.05.
Results:Burnout prevalence among pediatric residents was 66%. After controlling for age, gender, children and householders, burnout syndrome prevalence was signiﬁcantly higher among 3rd year residents (OR: 11.8; IC95%: 2.3-59.3; p 0.003). There were no signiﬁcant differences regarding burnout prevalence in the experimental group between baseline and after intervention (p 0.6), neither between both groups after intervention (p 0.3). Only an improvement on “depersonalization” in the experimental group was noticed (p 0.031). Conclusion: burnout syndrome prevalence among pediatric residents was 66%, being higher among 3rd year residents. A brief intervention was not effective to reduce burnout prevalence, despite it achieved some improvement in “depersonalization”.
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