Raimondi D, Rey CE, Testa MV, Camoia ED, Meritano J
Hospital de Niños Pedro de Elizalde and Hospital Maternoinfantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Background: International migrants represent a growing population. Their situation outside their own country could be very complicated, with strong impact on the public health system.
Objective: To compare perinatal risk between immigrant mothers and their infants, and local (Argentinean) mothers and their newborns.
Methods: Case-control study including 2000 mothers and their newborns (1000 immigrants and 1000 local) assisted at Ramón Sardá maternity.
Results: Local mothers showed more LBW newborns (9.9% vs. 5.3; p<0.01), primigravid women (42% vs. 37% p 0.012), and teen pregnancy (6% vs. 1.3%; p<0.001). On the other hand, immigrant mother showed more inadequate pregnancy control (21.7% vs. 13.4%; p<0.01), positive serology for Chagas disease (3.2% vs. 0.4%; p<0.01), and phototherapy in their newborns (20.5% vs. 14.3%; p 0.04).
Conclusion: Local mothers and their babies have a higher proportion of low birthweight, primigravid women and teen pregnancy. Immigrant women have higher positive serology for Chagas disease rate, deficits in prenatal control and requirement of phototherapy
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